Food poisoning can be treated without consulting a physician or doctor, depending on its severity. Most people feel better after a couple of days.
Food poisoning treatments
-Resting as much as possible
-Replacement of lost fluids-Drink plenty of water to avoid dehydration, since you need to replace fluids and electrolytes lost through diarrhea and vomiting.
- Avoid Fizzy drinks, Caffeine, spicy or fatty foods and alcohol as they may end up making you feel worse.
- Eat only when you feel you can- Only take light and low-fat meals, at first, such as rice, toast, bananas or crackers.
- Contact your general practitioner if the symptoms persist or if your condition fails to improve within a few days.
How to prevent the spread of the infection.
Avoid preparing food for others if you have food poisoning and also, minimize contact with vulnerable individuals such as toddlers or the elderly. Stay off school or work until at least two days after the very last episode of vomiting or diarrhea. If the person you live with is suffering from food poisoning:
- Ensure that everyone has their own flannels and towels
- Clean basins, flush handles, taps and also the toilet seats frequently.
- Make sure that you and your entire household washes their hands thoroughly with soap and Luke-warm water routinely- especially after visiting the toilet or before and also after preparing or serving food.
Oral Rehydration Therapy
Oral Rehydration Solutions are highly recommended for individuals who are vulnerable to dehydration effects, like the elderly or individuals with a pre-existing medical condition. ORSs are usually available in sachets at pharmacies. You simply dissolve the contents in a glass of water, and they help replenish glucose, salt and other essential minerals your body may have lost through dehydration.
In case you have a kidney disease, some oral rehydration salt types may be unsuitable for you. You may need to seek your physician’s advice concerning this.
In a situation where the symptoms persist or become severe, or perhaps you are more susceptible to acute infections, you may have to seek further treatment. Several tests may be run on your stool sample in order to determine what exactly is causing the symptoms and antibiotics may subsequently be prescribed to you if the results indicate that you have a bacterial disease.
Antiemetics may be prescribed as well if your vomiting gets serious. In some cases, one may have to be hospitalized for several days to be monitored and also be given fluids intravenously.